GDCO MDGs and SDGs.pdf

 The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were adopted by 189 United Nations member states and minimum of 23 international organizations in September 2000 at of the United Nations. All members committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by 2015:

  1. To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
  2. To achieve universal primary education
  3. To promote gender equality and empower women
  4. To reduce child mortality
  5. To improve maternal health
  6. To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
  7. To ensure environmental sustainability
  8. To develop a global partnership for development

  Proposed  Sustainable development goals (SDGs)

 Rio+20 (United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development) Conference is a UN conference took place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in June 2012. Thousands of participants from the governments, private sector, NGOs and other groups, came together to shape how they can reduce poverty, advance social equity and ensure environmental protection on an ever more crowded planet. The official discussions focused on two main themes:

1-    how to build a green economy to achieve sustainable development and lift people out of poverty;

2-    How to improve international coordination for sustainable development.

 One of the main outcomes of the Rio+20 Conference (The future we want) was the agreement by member States to launch a process to develop a set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Open Working Group set a proposal contains 17 goals and 169 associated targets on sustainable development for consideration and appropriate action by the General Assembly at its 68th session.

The first session of the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals took place on Thursday and Friday, 14-15 March 2013 and the 13th sessions on 14-18 July 2014 in the UN General Assembly Hall in New York.

In the Rio+20 outcome document, member States agreed that sustainable development goals (SDGs) must:

  1. Be based on Agenda 21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.
  2. Fully respect all the Rio Principles.
  3. Be consistent with international law.
  4. Build upon commitments already made.
  5. Contribute to the full implementation of the outcomes of all major summits in the economic, social and environmental fields.
  6. Focus on priority areas for the achievement of sustainable development, being guided by the outcome document.
  7. Address and incorporate in a balanced way all three dimensions of sustainable development and their interlinkages.
  8. Be coherent with and integrated into the United Nations development agenda beyond 2015.
  9. Not divert focus or effort from the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
  10. Include active involvement of all relevant stakeholders, as appropriate, in the process.

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