MDGs,,,, GOALs,,, TARGETs and MONITORs (INDICATORs) (1, 2)


The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)  are set to encourage development by improving social and economic conditions in the world's poorest countries. They are  originated from the Millennium Declaration set by the united nation in the Millennium Summit in 2000 where   united nation member states leaders ,  at least 23 international organizations, and representatives of 1,000  civil society organizations from more than 100 countries  adopted the declaration and agreed to achieve the goals by the year 2015. A two-year consultation process covering eight key development issues were adopted as the 8MDGs.  The MDGs framework consist of 8 goals and 18 targets was complemented by 48 technical indicators (monitors) to measure progress towards the Millennium Development Goals.


1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger     

2: Achieve universal primary education        

3: Promote gender equality and empower women  

4: Reduce child mortality rates                               

5: Improve maternal health                                  

6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases    

7: Ensure environmental sustainability        

8: Develop a global partnership for development




1. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day

2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people

3. Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Quick Facts

* The number of people living under the international poverty line of $1.25 a day declined from 1.8 billion to 1.4 billion between 1990 and 2005.

* The proportion of people living in extreme poverty in developing regions dropped from 46 per cent to 27 per cent — on track to meet the target globally.

* The economic crisis is expected to push an estimated 64 million more people into extreme poverty in 2010.

* About one in four children under the age of five is underweight in the developing world, down from almost one in three in 1990.


1.1 Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day

1.2 Poverty gap ratio

1.3 Share of poorest quintile in national consumption

1.4 Growth rate of GDP per person employed

1.5 Employment-to-population ratio

1.6 Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day

1.7 Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment

1.8 Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age

1.9 Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy 




1. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling


Quick Facts

* Enrolment in primary education in developing regions reached 89 per cent in 2008, up from 83 per cent in 2000.

* The current pace of progress is insufficient to meet the target by 2015.

* About 69 million school-age children are not in school. Almost half of them (31 million) are in sub-Saharan Africa, and more than a quarter (18 million) are in Southern Asia.


2.1 Net enrolment ratio in primary education

2.2 Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
2.3 Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men

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