MDGs,,,, GOALs,,, TARGETs and MONITORs (INDICATORs) (6, 7, 8)





1. Halt and begin to reverse, by 2015, the spread of HIV/AIDS

2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it

3. Halt and begin to reverse, by 2015, the incidence of malaria and other major diseases


Quick Facts

* Every day over 7,400 people are infected with HIV and 5,500 die from AIDS- related illnesses. HIV remains the leading cause of death among reproductive-age women worldwide.

* An estimated 33.4 million people were living with HIV in 2008, two thirds of them in sub-Saharan Africa.

* Access to HIV treatment in low- and middle-income countries increased ten-fold over a span of just five years.

* Malaria kills a child in the world every 45 seconds. Close to 90 per cent of malaria deaths occur in Africa, where it accounts for a fifth of childhood mortality.

* 1.8 million people died from tuberculosis in 2008, about 500,000 of whom were HIV-positive.



6.1 HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years

6.2 Condom use at last high-risk sex

6.3 Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
6.4 Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years

 6.5 Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs

Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases

6.6 Incidence and death rates associated with malaria

6.7 Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticide-treated bednets
6.8 Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs

6.9 Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis

6.10 Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course




1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of

environmental resources

2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss

3. Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation

4. Achieve, by 2020, a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers


 Quick Facts

* Some 1.7 billion people have gained access to safe drinking water since 1990. Yet 884 million people worldwide still do not have access to safe drinking water and 2.6 billion people lack access to basic sanitation services, such as toilets or latrines.

* The world has missed the 2010 target for biodiversity conservation. Based on current trends, the loss of species will continue throughout this century.

* Slum improvements are failing to keep pace with the growing number of urban poor. The absolute number of slum dwellers keeps rising, with some 828 million people living in slums today, even though the share of the urban population living in slums is declining.


 Monitoring  :

7.1 Proportion of land area covered by forest

7.2 CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)

7.3 Consumption of ozone-depleting substances

7.4 Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits

7.5 Proportion of total water resources used

7.6 Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected

7.7 Proportion of species threatened with extinction

7.8 Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source

7.9 Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility

7.10 Proportion of urban population living in slums




1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system

2. Address the special needs of least developed countries, landlocked countries and small island developing states

3. Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt

4. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countries

5. In cooperation with the private sector, make available benefits of new technologies, especially ICTs   

 Quick Facts   

* Official development assistance stands at 0.31 per cent of the combined national income of developed countries, still far

short of the 0.7 per cent UN target. Only five donor countries have reached or exceeded the target.

* Debt burdens have eased for developing countries and remain well below historical levels.

* Only 1 in 6 people in the developing world has access to the Internet.



8.1 Net ODA, total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors’ gross national income

8.2 Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable Official development assistance (ODA)
 of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)

8.3 Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied

8.4 ODA received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national incomes
8.5 ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
8.6 Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and least developed countries, admitted free of duty

8.7 Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries

8.8 Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as a percentage of their gross domestic product
8.9 Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity

8.10 Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that  have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)

8.11 Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives

8.12 Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services

8.13 Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis

8.14 Telephone lines per 100 population

8.15 Cellular subscribers per 100 population

8.16 Internet users per 100 population

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