Uses of ICT for Disaster Control in Ebola

        read about Ebola in Arabic

     read about Ebola in ENGLISH


Prepared by Ahmed Mahmoud Mohamed Eisa

Chair of Gedaref Digital City organization GDC Sudan

History of the Ebola disease

Ebola is a disease that affects humans caused by the Ebola virus. These viruses are classified as category A and as biological weapons The Ebola virus reacts like Marburg-Virus which does not destroy the carrier because it needs it for reproduction. It is expected to be transmitted by several animals, including fruits bats, monkeys (chimpanzee and gorillas) and pigs. It transmitted through the contacts with infected body fluids including blood, saliva, semen; infected body used razors and needles  

1. The disease appeared in 1976 near the Ebola River in Zaire (Congo)

2. This disease is characterized by high rate of mortality and causes the death of 50% to 90% of patients and appears in two to 21 days of infection with an average 8 to 10 days and this is what helps for travelers coming from affected countries for short periods ban

3- Since 1994 outbreaks of the Ebola virus are from two types which is  Zaire and the Ivory Coast found in chimpanzees and gorillas. Ebola Reston among macaques Philippines  

4. Its appearance was in 1995 as fatal with large outbreak of the disease in 2014 and is focused in West Africa (Guinea, Liberia and the Sierra Leone)

5. There are five types of Ebola virus, according to the location (site) which include the South in Gabon (Bundibugyo), south Sudan, Zaire, Ivory Coast and Philippines (Reston)



 1. The disease start to appear in two to three weeks after virus infection

2. The symptoms are very similar to the flu, dengue fever, or malaria

3- The symptoms are fever, sore throat and difficulty swallowing, headache, muscle and joint pain, nausea, diarrhea as well as abdominal pain, loss of appetite, rash, disruption in liver and kidney function, fatigue and the infected person is bleeding.

 Means of control

1. Raise the awareness of the seriousness of the virus infection and take strict preventive measures that enable the reduction of deaths and cases of infection among humans.

2. Reduce the spread of disease vectors (carrier) animals and they should be checked for the virus and if infected should be killed and buried

3. Do not be in contact with animals by wearing gloves and other appropriate protective clothing and wear protective clothing when dealing with people living with or at risk areas

4. Do not eat infected or suspected animals and cook the meat properly  

5. Maximum precaution and training among laboratory workers exposed to the risk of infection and disease  

6. Wash hands with disinfectant and deal very carefully with body fluids and tissue samples of infected people and perform routine cleaning and disinfection  

The mechanism of virus infection and the possibility of treatment

1. Ebola genome contains four genes which prevent stem cells in the skin, nose, lungs and digestive system to send signals to turn on the immune system of human body

2. The virus has the ability to enter through the capillaries and proliferation in the entire body.

3- It spreads into different kinds of cells by attaching protein receptors Glycoprotein diabetes mellitus on the outer surface of the cells

4. There is no cure yet but intravenous fluids and salt sweetened will help  

5. Virus is identified through blood, urine or saliva screening and Laboratory findings show a decrease in the number of white blood cells and platelets and a rise in liver enzymes secretion rates

6. Use of the bed of the separation achieved some success

7. In a large laboratory in Canada reached a final cure for the virus that causes Ebola fever

8. underway to develop vaccines for the virus in Canada based on the penetration of the vaccine through the folded tail of the virus which is covered with protein membrane to kill the virus

 Please DO and Do-NOT

1-    Always wash and clean your hands with disinfectants

2-    Go to the hospital if you have fever, sore throat and difficulty swallowing, headache, muscle and joint pain, nausea, diarrhea as well as abdominal pain, loss of appetite

3-    Avoid eating meat of infected or vectors animals and always cook the food (meat) properly

4-    Always talk about the Ebola to your friends and how serious it is to increase the awareness

5-    Do not touch with your hands infected person or animal

6-    Do not touch clothes or beds of infected persons

7-    Do not touch the blood, saliva, urine or any fluid of infected persons

8-    Do not touch disease carriers (fruits bats, monkeys (chimpanzee and gorillas) and pigs)


Other References

Our main references are WHO, WikipediaGoogle and many,, plus

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