The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was established by the United Nation dealing with information and communication for community development. The aim of the information society is to gain competitive advantage internationally through using IT in a creative and productive way. An information society is a society in which the creation, distribution, diffusion, use, integration and manipulation of information is a significant economic, political, and cultural activity. There are two information society summits took place in Geneva (2003) and Tunis (2005) to bridge the global digital divide through ICT (access of internet and new technology) in the developing world. The conferences was established on the 17th May as World Information Society Day which is previously been known as World Telecommunication Day to commemorate the founding of the International Telecommunication Union in 17 May 1865. The implementation of the WSIS Decisions http://www.itu.int/wsis/implementation/index.html is usually done through 8 mechanisms :-
1- WSIS Forum
a- online consultation forum process
The Open Consultation is conducted to ensure the participatory and inclusive spirit of the WSIS Forum. The preparatory process of the forum started with the launching of an open consultation to elaborate the agenda and to shape the format and thematic of the WSIS Forum. In addition, what are the key issues that need to be addressed at the WSIS Forum? Is there any room for improvement in terms of efficiency and effectiveness of the Forum? This year the online discussion starts with debate on the WSIS Community platform until 15 November 2010 where Stakeholders invited to express and exchange their ideas in order to generate possible themes and identify potential speakers for the 2011 Forum. Then, Submission of a written contribution using the online form (PDF) until 15 December 2010. All submitted comments were examined during the Final Review Meeting, which took place at ITU Headquarters in Geneva in 24 February 2011 and remote participation to set the agenda for the WSIS forum 2011.
b- Annual physical forum and remote participation in May
this is held in Geneva usually in the international telecommunication union (ITU) head quarter in Geneva – Switzerland. also remote participation is available.
2- WSIS Stocktaking
http://www.itu.int/wsis/stocktaking/index.html The WSIS Stocktaking Process was launched in October 2004. The WSIS Stocktaking Process is a follow-up to WSIS. Its purpose is to provide a register of activities carried out by governments, international organizations, the business sector, civil society and other entities in order to highlight the progress made since that landmark event. Also, it provides opportunity for stakeholders to extend network, create partnerships and provide more visibility, thereby adding value to the projects at the global level.
ITU has been maintaining the WSIS Stocktaking Database as a publicly accessible system providing information on ICT-related initiatives and projects with reference to the eleventh (11) WSIS Action Lines. By June 2010, there were more than 4764 entries in the database, more than half of which report on activities carried out in partnership. It should also be pointed out that many of the entries reflect more than one initiative or project implemented by WSIS stakeholders. The WSIS Stocktaking Platform provides a large database that has more than 5000 entries and more than 2000 members (stakeholders). The WSIS Stocktaking platform offers a global events calendar, global repository, blogs, online communities, online forums, interactive online interviews, implementation case studies, country case studies, an embeddable interface and the WSIS Lab.
3- WSIS Action Lines
C7. ICT Applications:
4- United Nations Group on the Information Society (UNGIS)
http://www.ungis.org/ In April 2006, UNGIS (United Nations Group on the Information Society) was endorsed by the UN-Chief Executives Board (CEB) as the new inter-agency mechanism with the main objective to coordinate substantive and policy issues facing the United Nations’ implementation of the outcomes of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS).
5- Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development
http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/partnership/ The Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development is an international, multi-stakeholder initiative to improve the availability and quality of ICT data and indicators, particularly in developing countries. Launched in 2004, the Partnership helps measure the information society by: Defining a core list of ICT indicators and methodologies to collect these indicators… Helping developing countries collect ICT statistics, particularly through capacity-building and hands-on training for national statistical offices…Collecting and disseminating information society statistics in a number of formats, including a global report and database.
6- Global Repository
http://groups.itu.int/Default.aspx?tabid=890 The Global Repository is the unique online collection of publications, presentations and documents related to WSIS (World Summit on the Information Society). The Global Repository was created in order to serve as the tool to collect and exchange the information relevant to WSIS. To facilitate the documents search, the Global Repository offers simple file sorting (sort by action line, institution (author name), title, total downloads, user ratings pr date. All stakeholders are invited to submit their documents to the Global Repository in order to complement the collection of resources related to WSIS. Stakeholders can download the publications free of charge and have the option to read a brief description of each document before downloading it.
7- Global Events Calendar
http://groups.itu.int/Default.aspx?tabid=711 The WSIS Stocktaking Platform Global Events Calendar is a flexible and reliable source to track the events related to WSIS Implementation at international, regional and national levels. All stakeholders are invited to submit their events on the Events Calendar in order to get more visibility. Registered users can easily create and edit their events. The Events calendar serves as the tool to announce upcoming events and also to keep track of the history of events
8- Internet Governance Forum (IGF)
a- Discuss public policy issues related to key elements of Internet governance in order to foster the sustainability, robustness, security, stability and development of the Internet;
b- Facilitate discourse between bodies dealing with different cross-cutting international public policies regarding the Internet and discuss issues that do not fall within the scope of any existing body;
c- Interface with appropriate inter-governmental organisations and other institutions on matters under their purview;
d- Facilitate the exchange of information and best practices, and in this regard make full use of the expertise of the academic, scientific and technical communities;
e- Advise all stakeholders in proposing ways and means to accelerate the availability and affordability of the Internet in the developing world;
f- Strengthen and enhance the engagement of stakeholders in existing and/or future Internet governance mechanisms, particularly those from developing countries;
g- Identify emerging issues, bring them to the attention of the relevant bodies and the general public, and, where appropriate, make recommendations;
h- Contribute to capacity building for Internet governance in developing countries, drawing fully on local sources of knowledge and expertise;
i- Promote and assess, on an ongoing basis, the embodiment of WSIS principles in Internet governance processes;
j- Discuss, inter alia, issues relating to critical Internet resources;
k- Help to find solutions to the issues arising from the use and misuse of the Internet, of particular concern to everyday users;
l- Publish its proceedings.
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